On June 30, Rodrigo Duterte will take his oath as the 16th President of the Philippines.
Compared to his five terms as Davao City mayor, Duterte will serve only one six-year term as President. However, he will exercise far more expansive powers and responsibilities and receive greater perks.
His presidential powers are outlined in the 1987 Constitution and the 1987 Administrative Code.
As head of government, Duterte will control the entire executive branch. He has the “mandate of control” over different executive departments and bureaus. He can appoint officials, or restructure or reconfigure their offices.
He chooses the members of his Cabinet, but his appointments are subject to confirmation by Congress’ Commission on Appointments.
There are 15 Supreme Court justices. Duterte can appoint at least 12 justices to replace those who will retire within his term:
- 2016: Justice Arturo Brion, Justice Jose Perez
- 2017: Justice Jose Mendoza, Justice Jose Reyes
- 2018: Justice Teresita Leonardo-De Castro, Justice Presbitero Velasco Jr.
- 2019: Justice Lucas Bersamin, Justice Antonio Carpio, Justice Mariano Del Castillo, Justice Francis Jardeleza
- 2022: Justice Diosdado Peralta, Justice Estela Perlas-Bernabe
According to a 2010 ruling by the Supreme Court, the two-month pre-election ban on presidential appointments does not apply to vacancies in the Supreme Court or appointments to the Judiciary.
Duterte can also dispense executive ordinances. The Administrative Code defines six kinds:
- Executive Orders: Acts of the President providing for rules of a general or permanent character to implementat or execute constitutional or statutory powers
- Administrative Orders: Acts of the President which relate to particular aspects of governmental operations in pursuance of his duties as administrative head
- Proclamations: Acts of the President fixing a date or declaring a status or condition of public moment or interest
- Memorandum Orders: Acts of the President on matters of administrative detail or of subordinate or temporary interest which only concern a particular officer or office of the Government
- Memorandum Circulars: Acts of the President on matters relating to internal administration, which the President desires to bring to the attention of all or some of the departments, agencies, bureaus or offices of the Government
- General or Special Orders: Acts and commands of the President in his capacity as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines
As commander-in-chief, Duterte will head the 125,000-strong Armed Forces of the Philippines.
Although he supports the death penalty, Duterte can pardon convicts or commute sentences by virtue of executive clemency.
He will earn a starting month salary of ₱160,924 under grade 33 of the government’s salary schedule. The Department of Budget and Management says there is no other government position of equivalent rank.
Duterte will be provided with cars, a yacht, helicopters, and planes. The government lists a Fokker F-28 jet, four Bell 412 helicopters, and one S-70A Blackhawk helicopter for his use. The Air Force’s 250th Presidential Airlift Wing is in charge of the President’s air transportation.
The president has a residence in Baguio called the Mansion House. It was built in 1908 and has been used by past presidents as a summer retreat.
Duterte and his immediate family are provided protection by the Presidential Security Group. The elite security unit will be led by Col. Rolando Bautista, who is presently the commander of Task Group Basilan running after the Abu Sayyaf Group.
Source: cnn philippines